How many of these animals you know? In this list you will find rare and unique species that you probably didn’t know that existed until now.

1. Colugo

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

Also known as the flying lemur, it is not actually a lemur and don’t fly. Instead, it slides jumping through the trees. It is a strictly arboreal specie, active at night and feeds on soft parts of plants like buds, flowers and fruit. The dermópetras, as it is known, can be found throughout Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore.

2. Short-beaked Echidna

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

It is one of the only two mammals that lay eggs (the others are the platypus). They are also called thorny anteaters and live in Australia and New Guinea.

3. Southern Right Whale Dolphin

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

The southern right whale dolphin is a small and thin species of mammal found in the cold waters of the Southern Hemisphere. They are fast and active swimmers and don’t have any visible teeth or dorsal fin. While they are difficult to spot, they are very sociable and often move jumping out of the water continuously.

4. Babirusa

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

The babirusa, which means “pig-deer”, it’s a member of the pig family found in Wallacea, specifically in the Indonesian islands of Sulawesi, Togian, Sula and Buru. If a babirusa doesn’t file its fangs (through regular activity), they will eventually grow to penetrate his own skull.

5. Fossa

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

The Fossa is endemic feline from Madagascar. It’s the largest carnivorous mammals living on the island of Madagascar and is often compared to a small puma. It has semi-retractable claws and flexible ankles that allow him to go up and down trees headlong and to jump from tree to tree.

6. Gerenuk

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

The gerenuk, also known as the Waller’s Gazelle, is a kind of long-necked antelope. The word Gerenuk comes from the Somali language, meaning “giraffe neck”. These animals have a relatively small head to their body, but her eyes and ears are proportionately large. Rarely grazing, however, they examine thorny shrubs and trees, such as acacias. They can reach high branches unlike other gazelles and antelope, standing on its hind legs and stretching their long necks.

7. Maned Wolf

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

The maned wolf resembles a big fox with reddish fur and is one of the largest canine species from South America. This mammal is found in open and semi-open habitats, especially grasslands with scattered shrubs and trees. It’s the taller of the wild canines and its long legs are probably an adaptation to the height grazing of its natural habitat.

8. Leafy Seadragon

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

It lives in the south and west coasts of Australia. Named because of its leafy aspect, as it has long leaf-shaped extensions distributed throughout its body. These extensions are not used for propulsion; its function is camouflage.

9. Klipspringer Antelope

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare AnimalsYou Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

Also known as kilpspringer, this is a small antelope that inhabits the rocky areas of southern and eastern Africa, from South Africa to Ethiopia.

10. Pygmy Gerbil

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

These lovely creatures live in southern Mongolia and parts of northern China. Only grow up to 3 inches long.

11. White-faced Saki Monkey

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

The white-faced saki monkeys are a specie of monkey found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. The white face is found only in men.

12. Sun Bear

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

The sun bear is the smallest member of the bear family. He lives in the forests of Southeast Asia. They are often called sun bears by the way of bib or white / golden mark on his chest. His long tongue helps gather honey from honeycombs, which gives them another nickname: “Honey Bear”.

13. Poitou Donkeys

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

Originally from Poitou, France, these donkeys are characterized by their distinctive coat and its great height, which can exceed to 150 cm.

14. Tapir

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

Tapirs are animals similar to pigs, but with trunk! They are found in Central and South America. Puppies are born with stripes and beautiful spots that are lost as they grow.

15. Violet Crabs

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

Are freshwater crustaceans that live in small ecosystems in the island group of Palawan in the Philippines.

16. Viscacha

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

It is often called “chinchillón” because, biologically speaking, this species is more closely related to chinchillas that with the rest of the species of vizcachas. Viscachas live throughout South America, especially in the area of the Andes.

17. Dumbo Octopus

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

The dumbo octopus are named for their ear-like fins coming out of their heads. They live in the extreme depths of water up to 7,000 meters below sea level. Unlike other octopuses, they swallow their food whole.

18. Raccoon Dog

You Surely Don't Know These 18 Rare Animals
You Surely Don’t Know These 18 Rare Animals

Tanuki or raccoon dog is a canine native from East Asia. The raccoon dog is named for its resemblance to the raccoon, with which is not closely related. They are very good climbers and often climb trees regularly.